In Scotland, the 7 day average of new cases is 159 .

https://www.travellingtabby.com/scotland-coronavirus-tracker/

The UK 7 day average of new cases is 3 777.

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/uk/

The UK population is 12.2 times greater than Scotland’s so, all things being equal, the daily number of cases should be around 1 900 but is, in fact 3 777, twice as high.

Intuitively, I’d have thought that the above would mean Scotland had a lower R number than the UK. Why doesn’t it?

Over to you readers.