With Local Government and their services across the UK devolved, and with devolved governments having limited tax raising and severely limited borrowing powers, what happens in England is highly relevant to the financing of local government and of social care services in NI, Scotland and Wales.
According to the Institute for Fiscal Studies: ‘In England, councils are RESPONSIBLE FOR ORGANISING AND FUNDING THE VAST MAJORITY OF SOCIAL CARE SERVICES. Since 2010, these councils have experienced LARGE CUTS TO THEIR BUDGETS, and have MADE SUBSTANTIAL CUTS TO THEIR SPENDING ON SOCIAL CARE SERVICES IN RESPONSE.
‘Between 2009−10 and 2017−18, MEAN PER-PERSON SPENDING ON SOCIAL CARE FOR THE OVER 65s FELL BY 31%.
‘These cuts went hand-in-hand with A REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE RECEIVING GOVERNMENT-FUNDED SOCIAL CARE.’ (with my emphasis)
Source: Institute for Fiscal Studies (2020) What impact did cuts to social care spending have on hospitals (https://ifs.org.uk/articles/what-impact-did-cuts-social-care-spending-have-hospitals)
And more on Local Government funding in England from the National Audit Office:
Source: NAO (14 October, 2022) Introducing Integrated Care Systems: joining up local services to improve health outcomes. Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General.
From para 2.35 of the NAO report: ‘Local authorities continue to face significant financial pressures. THE GOVERNMENT HAS REDUCED FUNDING FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES SINCE 2010 AND THEIR SPENDING POWER DECLINED BY 26% BETWEEN 2010-11 AND 2020-21.
‘While COUNCIL TAX HAS INCREASED SUBSTANTIALLY IN REAL TERMS SINCE 2016-17, if its effects are removed, local authority SPENDING POWER FUNDED BY GOVERNMENT FELL BY MORE THAN 50% BETWEEN 2010-11 AND 2020-21 IN REAL TERMS.’
And: ‘DHSC provides local authorities with the public health grant, an amount ringfenced for spending on public health areas. However, analysis by The King’s Fund shows PUBLIC HEALTH SPENDING ALSO FELL IN REAL TERMS BY 15% BETWEEN 2013-14 AND 2019-20.’
So in England the burden of Local Government financing has been shifted by Tory governments more towards Council Tax payers. This impacts the level of funding captured within the Barnett Formula.
The recent Fraser of Allander Institute (FoAI) publication entitled ‘Scotland’s Budget Report 2022’ examined options available to the Scottish Government in its budget setting for 2023-24. It provided this useful context for the present Council Tax burden in Scotland relative to other parts of the UK:
‘One legacy of the decade-long council tax freeze in Scotland is that residential properties are SUBJECT TO MUCH LOWER LEVELS OF TAXATION THAN IN ENGLAND OR WALES.
‘A typical band D property in Scotland faced a council tax bill of £1,347 in 2022-23, compared to £1,777 in Wales and £1,966 in England.’
5 thoughts on “In England the burden of Local Government financing has been shifted towards Council Tax payers”
COSLA whined about the council tax freeze (first introduced by Labour in Glasgow), but don’t want the burden of raising their own funding—-and certainly not the Brit Nat coalitions (the “love” which dare not speak its name), which like cuckoos, always craik for MORE–MORE–MORE!
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English ‘devolution’ is all about shifting the burden to the ‘regions’, from London, it’s another scam. It’s also imo meant to undermine actual devolution in Scotland, Wales and NI.
There’s a fancy website or two about English ‘devolution’, faux powers for the sheeple.
Originally, this site included Scotland as it said it was a ‘UK’ wide plan for devolution of the ‘Uk regions. Now it’s just England centred, but as you point out, this has a knock on effect on Scotland, an actual nation not a ‘region’ of England, as much as they would like to cancel Scotland. Someone’s making money out of it all no doubt. I was reading some of this stuff last night…light reading lol!
Some word salad here, check the typos! Not very professional.
Sorry all the links I am sure there is more if you look online, if anyone is so inclined that is.
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My comment with links in mod again..oops.
My link to devoconnect, look up on the map, ‘North of Tyne’, re typos and rubbish speak.
In London S/E wages can be higher than the rest of the UK. London S/E subsidised compared to the rest of the UK. Costs can be higher. Rents etc.
Scotland’s revenues and resources supporting Westminster policies not supported in Scotland. The rest of the UK votes for policies not supported in Scotland. Devolution has changed policies but not enough to support the whole UK disintergration. No taxation without representation. Scotland outvoted 10 to 1
The illegal Barnett Formula. Supported by Westminster. ,
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