Fascinating detail from Anonymous about South Korean shipbuilding and the Clyde – thanks! And academic researchers are still discussing this link!
Tenald et al (2021) International Transfer of Tacit Knowledge: The Transmission of Shipbuilding Skills from Scotland to South Korea in the Early 1970s. Enterprise & Society , Vol. 22.2.
‘This article analyzes the transfer of tacit knowledge between countries and continents, based on a case from the shipbuilding industry. The South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) was established in the early 1970s and had by the late 1980s become the world’s leading shipbuilder.
‘Aided by foreign loan capital, HHI acquired technology through foreign licenses and imported equipment. However, shipbuilding is about more than hardware. This article presents and analyzes another important means of knowledge transfer: the acquisition of tacit knowledge in the form of shipbuilding skills, including shipyard processes and operations.
‘This transfer was mainly accomplished through the “import” of foreign managers and the dispatch abroad of South Korean employees. One important element, which we investigate in detail, was the Korean personnel that HHI sent in 1972 to the Scott Lithgow shipyards in Scotland to observe and learn. Based on archival sources and interviews, we detail the manner in which tacit knowledge could be transferred across language and cultural barriers.’
And also this detail from an earlier draft paper in entitled ‘The basis for South Korea’s ascent in the shipbuilding industry, 1970-90’ by Bruno & Tenold of the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration
‘Government support with orders was also vital. The government support was important in winning its first order from Livanos in 1971 as it provided Hyundai with large financial guarantees. The order was for two very large crude carriers (VLCCs) of 259,000 dead weight tons (dwt) each. Livanos purchased the ships for a price 16 per cent below the world market price and DEMANDED THEY WOULD BE EXACT REPLICA OF A SHIP THAT HAD BEEN BUILT AT THE SCOTT LITHGOW SHIPYARD IN SCOTLAND.’ (my emphasis)https://ebha.org/ebha2010/code/media_168359_en.pdf