As Scotland opened up and more infectious variants emerged, the overall infection rate in Scotland has now become higher than in England and Wales.
Despite that, the death rate in England continues to climb higher, leaving Scotland with the significantly lowest death rate in mainland UK.
There are three important contributory factors operating – the underlying, age profile, health of the population and the quality of their health and care services.
Scotland has an older and less-well population and so might have expected a higher death rate than England.
There is a median age of 42.1 in Scotland compared to 40.4 for the UK: https://www.statista.com/statistics/367796/uk-median-age-by-region/
Average life expectancy for males in Scotland is 76.7 compared to 79 in the UK. For women it’s 81.1 and 82.9 respectively: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/life-expectancy-in-scotland/18-20/life-expectancy-18-20-report.pdf
Other factors may have had a part to play, but it’s hard to avoid the conclusion that NHS Scotland and the speedier implementation of vaccines in care homes, saved many thousands than would have been the case had the UK Government been responsible for health and care across the whole UK.